Vision and eye problems like blurry vision, dry eyes, trouble with depth perception, and problems adjusting to rapid changes in light are much more common in people with Parkinson’s disease than in people without the disorder, according to a study published in the March 11, 2020, online issue of神经病学®,医学杂志美国神经病学院。研究还发现这些问题可以影响一个人的日常活动。“对于帕金森的人来说,拥有最佳愿景的人尤为重要,因为它可以帮助弥补疾病造成的运动问题,并有助于降低跌倒风险,”研究作者Carlijn D.M.M.Borm,M.D.,Radboud University Medical Center,荷兰奈梅亨。“我们的研究不仅发现帕金森病的人们的眼部问题超出了老化过程,我们也发现这些问题可能会干扰他们的日常生活。然而,大多数眼睛问题都是可治疗的,因此如果可能的话,帕金森的人们将被筛选和治疗。“该研究涉及848人帕金森的症状平均七年。它们与250人没有这种疾病。这两个团体平均年龄为70岁。参与者完成了关于视觉和眼睛问题的问卷。对于所描述的每个问题,例如“我在我的眼中有一个燃烧的感觉或砂砾感”和“应该是直的线似乎是波浪或模糊的线条”,参与者被要求选择一系列四种反应。 A response of “never have symptoms” was worth one point. A response of “daily symptoms” was worth four points. There were 16 such questions as well as one question about visual hallucinations that required a yes or no response, with yes being worth one point, for a total possible score of 51 points. Participants were also asked if eye problems interfered with their daily activities such as driving a car, working on a computer, walking or personal care. Researchers found that 82% of people with Parkinson’s reported one or more eye problems compared to 48% of people without the disease. The average score on the questionnaire was 10 points for people with Parkinson’s compared to two points for people without the disease. Researchers also found that eye problems interfered with daily life for 68% of people with Parkinson’s compared to 35% of people without the disease. “Eye problems make it more difficult for people with Parkinson’s to physically navigate daily life, for example we found that half of study participants experienced problems with reading, and 33% had eye problems that interfered with driving a car,” said Borm. “People with Parkinson’s who express that they have eye problems should be referred to a specialist for further evaluation. For those who do not express such problems, using a questionnaire to screen for problems that may otherwise be missed might allow for recognition, timely treatment and improving the quality of life.” A limitation of the study was that since people were asked if they would like to participate in the study, it is possible that people with vision problems were more likely to respond, possibly resulting in an overestimation of eye problems. The study was supported by the Stichting ParkinsonFonds. Learn more about Parkinson’s disease,美国神经学自由患者和护理人员杂志的家庭专注于神经系统疾病和脑健康的交叉点。跟随脑和生命®Facebook推特Instagram.